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Common in Bug Bites & Ingestion
- Monarch butterfly caterpillars. These guys feed on milkweed which contains cardiac glycosides so they can be toxic to the heart. Some caterpillars have stiff spines or hairs that can do physical trauma and cause oral and GI irritation.
- The puss or asp caterpillar, flannel moth larvae (Megalopyge opercularis) is considered the most dangerous caterpillar in the US (Primarily SE) although over 40 genera worldwide are reported to cause problems.
- The slug caterpillar, or saddleback, is in North America and is a stinging caterpillar. They have 2 horns with spines. The hag moth, or monkey slug, also stings and is primarily east coast and SE NA. The gypsy moth (New England) can envonmate (inject poisonous material) as well; lots of others as also.
- Probably the absolute worst is the Lonomia species (Brazil, etc). It can cause deaths, coagulopathies ,etc.
|© courtesy m.n.|